We bring together information on the legal frameworks for the right to information from more than 100 countries.
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Right2Info.org

Right2INFO.org brings together information on the constitutional and legal framework for the right of access to information as well case law from more than 80 countries, organized and analyzed by topic. With a focus on good law and practice, the website provides comparative overviews of, as well as country summaries illustrating, the current state of the right to information held by governments and bodies that perform public functions or operate with public funds. Experts from dozens of countries have contributed material and have indicated their willingness to correct, update and comment on the material posted. The Justice Initiative has organized and intends to maintain this website, and, together with Access Info Europe, will continue to collect, analyze and upload information.

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Newsletter by enizharadze — last modified Feb 23, 2011 05:36 PM

The Right to Information - Good Law and Practice

Right2INFO.org provides relevant materials concerning the current state of the public's right to information (RTI) held by public bodies (including in all branches and at all levels of government, and bodies that are independent of the executive) and entities that perform public functions or operate with public funds.

With a focus on good law and practice, the website brings together international and domestic law, case examples and related resources from international and regional bodies as well as more than one hundred countries.

This is a collaborative effort and we value the contributions of our readers.  Please contact us to provide your thoughts or additional information that would be useful to include.

The right2info.org team

NEW SURVEY PLEASE TAKE 5-minutes to FILL IN A survey to measure your needs in order to improve the website. We are extremely thankful for your input since it is the best source for making the website more useful.

Constitutional Protections

last modified Aug 18, 2011 08:45 AM
Consititutional Protections of the Right to Information.
Constitutional Protections of the Right to Information by andrew — last modified Jul 03, 2014 03:45 PM

Access to Information Laws

last modified Jan 20, 2012 01:26 PM
Access to Information Laws: Overview and Statutory Goals by andrew — last modified Jun 19, 2014 03:57 PM

Scope of Bodies Covered

The scope of bodies covered by access to information (ATI) laws has been steadily increasing, with more recent laws applying to more bodies. The most progressive modern laws apply to government and administration at the national, regional or local level; all executive and administrative bodies (save for those expressly excepted, usually in a schedule to the law); all legislative and judicial bodies; state-owned (or otherwise controlled) companies, and private bodies that perform public functions or receive substantial government funding. The following sections discuss these categories, and demonstrate the trend towards greater inclusiveness, often offset to varying degrees by exceptions.

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Information Commission/ers and Other Oversight Bodies and Mechanisms

There is an increasing tendency to adopt access to information laws that also establish oversight bodies such as Information Commissions or Information Commissioners. These bodies are independent agencies charged with promoting the implementation of the access to information regime and ensuring compliance by receiving, examining, and ruling on appeals against requests that have been denied or not answered. This section examines the emerging global trends for the creation Information Commissioners and analyses the way in which they function.
Information Commission/ers and Other Oversight Bodies and Mechanisms by andrew — last modified Nov 14, 2013 12:20 AM
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Image Supervision bodies chart by ngobronidze — last modified Aug 15, 2011 01:00 PM
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Laws

last modified Oct 24, 2011 04:30 PM

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About this site

The Right to Information: Good Law and Practice by andrew — last modified May 03, 2013 11:29 AM

Justice Initiative Comments

Written comments of the Open Society Justice Initiative on Draft General Comment no. 34, Paragraphs re Access to Information.

Justice_Initiative_Comments_on_GenCom34_final.pdf — PDF document, 295 kB (302628 bytes)

Cases

last modified Nov 15, 2011 02:20 PM

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Un draft on Article 19

CCPR.C.GC.34.CRP.5.doc — Microsoft Word Document, 119 kB (122368 bytes)

Contact Form

last modified Nov 17, 2011 09:50 PM

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International Instruments and Standards

last modified Sep 04, 2012 07:15 PM

Overview

It is now widely recognized that the right to information is protected by the main human rights treaties and has developed into a norm of customary international law.[1] This page provides links to relevant treaties and other instruments of intergovernmental organizations, as well as NGO Principles, Declarations and other normative statements. For summaries and links to judgments of international and regional courts and tribunals, go to Cases. International cases are also referenced elsewhere on the site, especially in sections accessed by the left-hand menu.

We will continue to add to the list and encourage you to Contact us for additions or corrections.

United Nations

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Africa

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Americas

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Europe

Council of Europe

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European Union

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Declarations of the Special Rapporteurs

  • 1999 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE & OAS Special Rapporteurs (on freedom of information and expression), 26 November 1999
  • 2001 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE & OAS Special Rapporteurs on Challenges to Freedom of Expression in the New Century (on countering terror, on broadcasting and on the internet) , 20 November 2001
  • 2004 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE, OAS & ACHPR Special Rapporteurs (on access to information and on secrecy legislation), 6 December 2004
  • 2005 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE & OAS Special Rapporteurs (on the internet and on anti-terrorism measures), 28 December 2005
  • 2006 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE, OAS & ACHPR Special Rapporteurs (on publishing confidential information, on openness of national and international public bodies, on freedom of expression and cultural/religious tensions, and on impunity in cases of attacks against journalists), 20 December 2006
  • 2010 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE, OAS & ACHPR Special Rapporteurs on Ten Key Challenges to Freedom of Expression In the Next Decade, 2 February 2010
  • 2010 Joint Statement by the UN and OAS Special Rapporteurs on Wikileaks, December 21, 2010
  • 2010 Statement of UN Special Rapporteur on Right to Know: An Entitlement for All, Not a Favour , World Press Freedom Day, 3 May 2010
  • 2011 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE, OAS & ACHPR Special Rapporteurs on Freedom of Expression and the Internet, 1 June 2011

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NGO Statements

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[1] Toby Mendel, Freedom of Information: A Comparative Legal Survey (UNESCO 2nd ed. 2008). Jonathan Fox, The Uncertain Relationship Between Transparency and Accountability, Development in Practice, Vol. 17 (Routledge Pubs, Aug 2007), p. 1.

National Security

File Tshwane Principles by Merit Ulvik — last modified Jul 04, 2013 07:36 AM

Archived Content

last modified Oct 30, 2013 11:15 PM

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